27 August 2015

What to do if the low FODMAP diet doesn’t work for you?

What to do if the low FODMAP diet doesn’t work for you?

By Dr Jaci Barrett - Accredited Practicing Dietitian

The low FODMAP diet has been shown to improve gastrointestinal symptoms in 3 out of 4 people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), meaning a small percentage of people with this condition do not respond to the diet. So what should you do if you think you’re a ‘non-responder’?

Before dismissing the low FODMAP diet approach, it’s important firstly to ensure you’ve strictly adhered to the low FODMAP diet for at least 2 (and up to 6) weeks, ideally under the supervision of a dietitian specialised in using the diet. Use the app or booklet to double-check the FODMAP content of foods you’re eating and ask your dietitian to check your diet for hidden sources of FODMAPs. A specialist dietitian can also help to identify additional dietary triggers that may be aggravating your symptoms, such as caffeine, alcohol and/or spicy foods.

If you’re still experiencing no improvement in your symptoms, it might be worth returning to your Gastroenterologist for further investigations, or seeing a Dietitian who can investigate other dietary triggers, such as naturally occurring food chemicals (salicylates, amines and glutamates) that may be responsible for triggering IBS symptoms in a small proportion of people.

Aside from the low FODMAP diet, your Gastroenterologist or Dietitian may be able to advise you on the use of other therapies, including:

  • GUT-DIRECTED HYPNOTHERAPY, which has been shown to be as effective as a low FODMAP diet in reducing IBS symptoms. 

  • PEPPERMINT OIL SUPPLEMENTS,which have been shown to reduce IBS symptoms and abdominal pain. Peppermint oil supplements are recommended as a safe and effective, short-term IBS treatment.

  • Trialling a strain-specific PROBIOTIC SUPPLEMENT.

  • LIFESTYLE approaches to help you manage stress, including meditation, counselling and/or exercise.

[1] Peters S, Yao CK, Shepard S, Philpott H, Yelland G, Muir J.G., Gibson P.R. Su1369 Gut-Directed Hypnotherapy and a Low FODMAP Diet Are Similarly Efficacious in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Randomised Controlled Non-Inferiority Trial. Gastroenterology 2015: 148(4) Supp 1, 487-488

[2] Tuck CJ, Muir JG, Barrett JS, Gibson PR. Fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols: role in irritable bowel syndrome. Exp Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2014:1-16.

[3] Khanna, R, MacDonald, J.K, Levesque, B.G. (2014). Peppermint oil for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Clin Gastroenterol, 48(6):505-12 

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